Over a span of 1,000 years, these three medieval church fathers brought the Trinity deeper into focus.
From the early 4th Century to the end of the 13th, the Fathers of the Middle Ages wrote some of the greatest documents on the doctrine of the Trinity.
Augustine: Planting the Economy-of-Salvation Seed
He said this in the context that no one is saved by the Father without the Son and the Holy Spirit.
Thus, initiating the talk of the economy of salvation.
Anselm: Creation and Redemption the Work of Trinity
Towards the end of the 11th Century, the Italian philosopher and theologian Anselm said:
First, all three together are one supreme essence (even though each, perfectly, is the supreme essence). Anselm of Canterbury: Major Works
Anselm was simply making the point that all the work of creation and redemption…although performed functionally by different beings of the Trinity…was the work of one single being.
In other words, Father, Son and Spirit exist in each other and with such equality that none is great than the others. As you’ll remember, this was to safeguard against emerging heresies.
Aquinas: Equality Essential in the Trinity
Writing in his Summa Theologica:
We speak of one essence of the three persons and three persons of the one essence, provided these.
In other words, no inequality in the persons. If inequality existed, then they would have a different essence, which is unorthodox.
There’s a real distinction between the divine relations or roles he says, but we’ll get more into that tomorrow when I explain the role Reformers played in sculpting the doctrine of the Trinity.
So, tell me, is your vision and appreciation of the Trinity getting any better?
**Part of the Thoroughly Painless Guide to the Doctrine of God’s Trinity series.**