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God’s Sovereignty and Why It Doesn’t Contradict Man’s Freedom

Where you learn that God’s sovereignty means the absolute rule, authority and government of God over all His creation…including man’s freedom.

Supreme. Superior. Chief. Foremost. Highest. Preeminent. Superb. Superlative. Ultimate. Utmost. Predominate. Unsurpassable. Ruler.

These are all words used to describe sovereign. And they apply to God’s sovereignty.

God’s sovereignty means the absolute rule…the absolute authority…and the absolute government of God over all His creation.

But in order for God to be sovereign there has to be a uniqueness to His being. He alone has to be God. In other words, He doesn’t share his rule with anyone–or anything.

Deuteronomy declares:

To you it was shown that you might know that the LORD, He is God; there is no other besides Him. 

Know therefore today, and take it to your heart, that the LORD, He is God in heaven above and on the earth below; there is no other. 

See now that I, I am He, And there is no god besides Me. 

The consequences for us if God is sovereign:

Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength. 

The first rule of worship is this: worship God alone.

God Is Alone in His Sovereignty

Not only are there no other gods, but He’s the only God of every nation, culture, race, philosophy and language.

He is the only one who reigns over men and women, blacks and whites, the dead and the living, the born and the unborn.

He lords it over every Christian, Jew, Mormon, Muslim, Hindu, Shinto, Baha’i, Buddhist, atheist and agnostic.

Every insect, mammal, bird and plant are under His control.

That is to say, God possess all. He has the right of dominion over all. The earth is His. All it contains. All who live in it.

We owe God for our existence. Our movements. Our lives. And not only does he possess all, but he governs all.

God Is Alone in His Government

He governs the world. And what He declares is determined and accomplished without apology or error.

But He is unique and who can turn Him? And what His soul desires, that He does. For He performs what is appointed for me, And many such decrees are with Him. 

No purpose of his is restrained. Any purpose at odds with Him is frustrated. And He will execute his will regardless of man.

That’s why His sovereignty requires that He be absolutely free. He must be free to do whatever He wills anywhere at anytime–to carry out His eternal purpose in every single detail. Without interference. Including creation.

God Is Alone in His Creation

The creation of the universe–and everything in it–was by a fiat of God. It was his breath–the symbol of his almighty creative will–that brought us to life. His words.

And His words alone.

Eight times Genesis says “God said.” God spoke, and created. Psalm 33 recognizes this:

By the word of the LORD the heavens were made, And by the breath of His mouth all their host. 

For He spoke, and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast. 

Only the highest power could bring something from nothing. Somebody from nobody.

God alone.

Furthermore, all of creation must rest within the supreme dominion of God. Nothing is outside of it. Anything independent of God denies the sovereignty of God.

Paul appealed to God’s single and solitary dominion over subordinate beings when he argued with the Athenians:

The God who made the world and all things in it, since He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with hands. 

God Is Alone in His Providence

As Creator, Governor and Lord, He rules over all events, men and morals. This is seen in three ways.

1. All ordinary events are under his power: the burrowing of the worm, the pounding of the waves, the formation of the mountains, the orbit of the planets and the birth of the universe. He surmounts these events like Mt. Everest surmounts a mole hill.

2. He rules, establishes, judges and overthrows the authority of all men–whether Christian or not. Corrupt governments and criminal leaders are under God’s sovereign purpose.

3. God respects good and evil. Sins of men come with the scope of his role and provider. “Shall we indeed accept good from God and not accept adversity?” 

 God creates light and darkness, peace and evil.  that He kills and makes alive, wounds and heals.  if evil is found in a city wasn’t it appropriate to say God did it?

We say God approved of evil’s purpose to accomplish His goals. The same way God is actively at work in the .

Every step of it.

God foreknows, predestines, calls, justifies and glorifies. He owns every step of salvation. He’s elected those whom he loved beforehand to receive grace because that–in his incorruptible and flawless wisdom–is what He decided.

And without argument the grandest example of God’s sovereignty as it respects wickedness and goodness is found in the crucifixion:

This Man, delivered over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death. 

God is just in all his way. Holy in all his works. So God does not contract evil because He allows it. He can’t be accused of evil. Responsibility remains with the man.

Divine retribution must not be divorced from the sinful, perverse condition of the heart. God may foreordain evil–He may will it–but he certainly doesn’t live it.

In the Bible this is obvious and paramount: God blinds the minds of men and hardens their hearts as part of his judgment against them. He lets them sin.

So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires. 

Which brings us to one of the most perplexing questions when it comes to God’s sovereignty and man’s freedom.

Why God’s Sovereignty Doesn’t Contradict Man’s Freedom

So, if God rules His universe the way he wants to rule it, then how is it possible for man to have any freedom?

More to the point, how can God hold anyone accountable for sins they commit if God determined that’s their fate?

This one stumps many people. But here’s the best way to explain it.

God determined that man should be free to choose between good and evil. And from the beginning, man’s fulfilled that decision by making his choice between good and evil.

In fact, we live under the foolish myth–just like Adam and Eve–that we are our own gods. That we declare right and wrong. That we live by our own standards.

God didn’t decide which choice we would make. What he determined was that man should be free to make it. And the live by the consequences of those choices.

Certain things have been decreed by the free determination of God. And one of these is the law of choice and consequences.

He said that all who love darkness and continue in rebellion against the high authority of heaven shall remain in a state of spiritual alienation and suffer eternal torment.

That is the consequence for rebellion.

He said that those who love the light, obey His commands and believe and trust in the substitutionary power of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ shall enjoy living in his kingdom of heaven forever.

That is the consequence for obedience.

There is freedom to choose which side we want to be on. But there is no freedom to negotiate the results of the choice once it is made.

Our choices are our own. But the consequences of those choices have already been determined by the sovereign will of God.

From this there is no appeal. Share your thoughts. Brutal and all.

**Part of The Nature of God series.**

Why Did God Create Woman?


Women. Ah. My favorite subject.

Especially since I’m married to arguably the most merciful, kind and generous woman of all.

Indeed. Any amount of success I have as a father, writer or husband I owe to her.

The running joke around our house is that if not for my wife, I’d still be living with my mother.

In her basement.

Dead serious. My wife is classic helper. Classic companion. I’d be lost without her.

But what does “helper” mean? Where did that term come from?

Furthermore, why did God think man EVEN needed woman? And what does the Bible say about this union?

Let’s take a look.

History Before Woman

Long ago God created a man named Adam. He told Adam [a man made in God’s image] to cultivate the earth.

To subdue it.

Adam shaped wood into tools. Domesticated oxen to plow fertile soil. He groomed fruit trees. He raised honey bees. He cultivated mint and cornflowers.

But the image of God in man was not complete. God said, “It is not good that man his alone.” He wanted to give Adam a companion.

What’s strange about this arrangement is that Adam doesn’t seem to notice his need for a companion.

He appears perfectly content to be alone.

This is problematic. Not to Adam, but to God. And for reasons we might not consider.

History After Woman

Then God created woman.  what that looked like:

So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. And the rib that the Lord God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man. Then the man said,

“This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.”

Because God created woman even though Adam was content in his solitude suggests God had something else in mind for man than merely tinkering around in a garden by himself.

God wanted to give man a partner in the stewardship of that garden. Together man and woman split the labor of subduing the earth.

He . To take dominion over the fish. The birds. The badgers.

And this responsibility–a sovereign authority you might say–is another way that man and woman are made in God’s likeness.

God is in charge of the universe…man and woman are in charge of the earth. But mere stewardship of goats and crops wasn’t all.

Something Adam Couldn’t Do Alone

Part of Adam and Eve’s responsibility involved multiplying humans. Procreation. Making babies.

A skill, we all know, Adam could not perform on his own.

This command would ensure God’s image spread over the earth. It allowed for Adam and Eve to fulfill their cultural mandate by sharing their workload with their children.

Yet another division of labor.

Call it imperialism if you want. But all for the glory of God. Here’s what I mean.

What Male-Female Union Does to God’s Glory

Listen: When man and woman work in harmony–sharing the responsibility of creating culture, raising children and sharing the gospel–God is glorified.

And he is glorified within the ordained parameters of marriage.

From the Genesis narrative of the creation of man and woman God demonstrates his plan for marriage equals a monogamous heterosexual relationship.

Proliferation of mankind–God’s image–could not happen any other way.

God knew that his glory was limited in the creation of one man. So he made woman. And then man and woman made child.

This union and procreation honors God. Glorifies him. Extends his joy as this man, woman and child honor them with their hearts and service.

It’s a lifestyle of adoration for their creator. Incomplete when man was alone.

Recommended resource:  Andreas J. Kostenberger